The sleep is an approximately 4 inches long organ that is located in the upper left region of your abdomen, tucked towards the left of your stomach. A spleen can be found in different shapes and sizes across various people, however, the most common shape and size is a purple fist-shaped organ that is around 4 inches long in height. Your rib cage guards the spleen from all kinds of physical damage, so you can’t feel it until it has swollen abnormally.
Your spleen is responsible for aiding and supporting several key functions of the body. It is used to recycle old red blood cells, and white blood cells along with platelets get stored inside the spleen. It is a vital part of the immune system as it filters the blood. It also helps your body effectively combat all kinds of bacteria and infectious such as meningitis and pneumonia.
1. Accessory Spleen
Research reveals that nearly 10% people tend to have a very small extra spleen. However, since it never creates any kind of damage or impairment, it doesn’t require any kind of treatment.
2. Enlarged Spleen
Also known as a splenomegaly, an abnormally large spleen is caused by several ailments, such as blood cancers like leukemia and lymphoma, liver infections, viral mononucleosis and many other diseases.
3. Ruptured Spleen
Even though the spleen is protected by the rib cage, it is still prone to injurious damage. And once the spleen gets ruptured, it causes such uncontrollable and damaging internal bleeding that leads to a serious fatalistic emergency. A ruptured spleen is indeed life-threatening, and when the spleen gets injured, the injury is quickly followed by a rupture. However, in certain other cases, rupturing often takes place after days or even weeks after the injury occurred.